In Diabetes Mellitus there are high levels of sugar (glucose) molecules circulating in the blood stream. The glucose molecules stick to blood vessels, damage their integrity or block them by encouraging plaque formation. This slows down or stops the blood flow and reduces the supply of oxygen to tissues. The organs involved eventually become damaged, commonly the kidney, eye, heart.
GOAL: Avoid high levels of blood sugar to reduce your risk of complications.
The following actions can help to lower blood sugar:
- Limit sugar intake
- Take medications that lower blood sugar
- Exercise to regulate your blood sugar
- Drink lots of water
- Include lots of fiber in the diet. Fiber limits the amount of sugar that can be absorbed from food in the gut.